PSY103r8 Origins of Psychology and Research Methods Worksheet
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PSY103r8 Origins of Psychology and Research Methods Worksheet


PSY103r8 Origins of Psychology and Research Methods Worksheet



Origins of Psychology and Research MethodsWorksheet PSY/103 Version 81University of Phoenix Material Esthepania GalvanOrigins of Psychology and Research Methods WorksheetPart I: Origins of Psychology Within psychology, there are several perspectives used to describe, predict, and explain human behavior. The seven major perspectives in modern psychology are psychoanalytic, behaviorist, humanist, cognitive,neuroscientific/biopsychological, evolutionary, and sociocultural. Describe the perspectives, using two to three sentences each. Select one major figure associated with one of the perspectives and describe his or her work in two to three sentences. Type your response in the space below. 1. Psychoanalytic: This theory focuses on the unconscious mind, early childhood experiences and how these experiences continue to affect the rest of our lives. These childhood experiences also motivate our behaviors as adults. 2. Behaviorist: New behavior based on environment conditions. Observing and controlling behavior. From my point of view, using myself as an example: Why do I have to do online shopping? What is the satisfaction of shopping online? It makes me feel better when I’m having a bad day. As if I’m rewarding myself. 3. Humanist: The belief that all humans can be of good nature if all their needs are met. Starting at the very bottom of the pyramid, the needs have to be met in order to achieve inner fulfillment. Youcan not continue moving up in the hierarchy of needs if you are missing any of the following needs: physiological, security, social, esteem and self-actualization.4. Cognitive: Relating our way of thinking to the way we behave, our memory, how we reason with one another, and our decision making skills. It is a way of viewing the brain a mechanical object, a computer or mechanism. 5. Neuroscientific/Biopsychological: The effects the environment around us causes in our behaviors. It is also linked to the social interactions with others in our environment. 6. Evolutionary: Evolution based on natural selection, the loss and gain of abilities based on genetic causes. An example I can use is stone age women, they searched for a strong partner with shelter. We have not strived far from our stone age relatives, women still look for a partner who is able to provide for the family eventhought times have changed and now women can do anything a man ca. 7. Sociocultural: Is the study of how media, social interaction and cultural factors affect our behaviors. It is also how we interact with one another and be able to show empathy, and our ability to problem solve. Maslow’s  Hierarchy of NeedsMaslow’s Hierarchy of Needs is something I am very familiar with, and I definitely go by it. Maslow’s basically created a chart of human needs to be able to feel inner fulfillment. It basically begins by meeting physical needs, food, water, shelter and continues to move to self actualization. Which means,believing in yourself. Part II: Research MethodsDescribe research methods used in psychology by completing the following table. Then, select two of the research methods, and compare and contrast them. Your response must be at least 75 words. Copyright © 2015 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved.

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Uploaded on
Jan. 15, 2023
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